In terms of the volume of milk produced on farms, India was the world number one in 2007. The United States came first in terms of the quantity of milk delivered by farmers to dairy plants. New Zealand leads the world in dairy exports.
Which European country produces the most milk?
Germany produces the most milk, followed by France, the United Kingdom, Poland, the Netherlands and Italy.
Which is the biggest dairy company in Europe?
Measured in terms of dairy revenue, the Swiss-based Nestlé is the largest company in Europe, while Danone from France is second. Lactalis, also from France, is number 3. From 2009 FrieslandCampina from the Netherlands also ranks among the top players on this list: number 4. FrieslandCampina was created by the merger of Friesland Foods and Campina.
Milk Income (2008, in billions of Euros)
What minerals are mainly found in milk?
Milk mainly contains calcium. Calcium is necessary to build and maintain bones and teeth. It is also vital for the proper functioning of our muscles and nervous system. When you take in alcohol, caffeine and salt, your body loses calcium and you need to increase your calcium intake. Dairy is the leading source of calcium in the western diet.
What vitamins are contained in milk?
Dairy products are the most important natural source of vitamin B12 in western countries. Vitamin B12 plays a role in the manufacture of red blood cells and helps the nervous system to function properly. All B vitamins are water-soluble, which means the body excretes them relatively quickly. This is why vitamins need to be regularly replenished, preferably daily.
What is milk powder?
Milk consists largely of water. Milk powder is milk from which this water has been extracted. The powder does however contain all the important nutrients from milk. All you need to do to reconstitute the milk is to add water to the milk powder.
Is a farmer allowed to produce as much milk as he wants?
Milk production in the European Union is governed by restrictions. This milk quota system imposes a maximum limit on the volume of milk and milk fat that dairy farmers are allowed to produce (milk quota). Farmers who produce too much are required to pay a penalty (super levy).
How much milk does a person consume on average per year?
In western countries, people eat and drink an average of 240 to 250 kilos of dairy produce per person per year. This is measured in milk equivalents (i.e. the processed quantity of milk). In non-western countries in Asia and Africa, dairy consumption amounts to over 60 kilos per person per year. Dairy consumption in non-western countries is growing faster than it is in the west.
How much milk is produced annually?
Between 650 and 700 billion kilos of milk are produced globally each year (source: FAO Food and Agriculture Organization). Over 550 billion kg is milk from cows. Milk production has undergone a slight upward trend in recent years.
Largest dairy companies in Europe
Europe is home to several very large dairy companies. Most of these giants operate globally. Measured in terms of dairy revenue, the Swiss-based Nestlé is the largest company in Europe (18.5 billion euros in 2009).
Please find below a complete list of European dairy companies and their dairy revenues (Rabobank, 2009):
Revenue (mln euro)
Arla Foods (DK)
Unilever (NL / GB)
The Largest dairy cooperatives in the world
The top 10 largest dairy co-operatives in the world, measured by revenue in billions of euros over the past few years. 2010 was another year of dairy company mergers; especially in France and Germany.
Revenues (mld euro)
Dairy Farmers of America
Land O' Lakes
Humana Milchunion / Nordmilch
Irish Dairy Board
All over the world, between 650 and 700 billion kilos of milk are produced each year. The bulk of this annual production (over two-thirds) is consumed as milk, yoghurt, cream and desserts. Between 10 and 15 per cent of all milk is processed into cheese. Eight per cent is used to make butter. The remainder is processed into milk powder. To correctly calculate the levels of milk production and processing, economists use a unit of calculation known as the milk equivalent. This is the number of kilos of milk required to make a specific dairy product. A kilo of Gouda cheese, for example, requires about 10 kilos of milk. So a kilo of Gouda cheese represents 10 milk equivalents.
Leading dairy countries Which is the number one dairy country in the world? That depends on the criterion you use. India produces more milk than any other country, but its farmers do not deliver all of this milk to dairy plants. Dairy farmers in the United States are the world champions when it comes to delivering milk to dairy plants. The world’s biggest milk exporter is New Zealand. These statistics are based on the figures for 2007.
European Union Within the European Union, Germany is top of the milk production league, followed by France. The European Union operates a milk quota system. Each dairy farmer is allocated a maximum annual milk and milk fat production quota. If their production exceeds the maximum limit, they must pay a penalty to the European Union: the super levy.
Largest dairy companies Europe is home to a number of dairy giants whose operations extend across the globe. Measured by dairy revenue, the Swiss-based Nestlé is the largest in Europe (16,861 million euros in 2007). Number 2 is Danone from France (9,241 million euros of dairy revenue in 2007). Lactalis, another French company, was number 3 in 2007. From 2009 FrieslandCampina from the Netherlands will also rank among the top players on this list. FrieslandCampina was created by the merger of Friesland Foods and Campina.
Co-operatives Co-operatives traditionally play an important role in the dairy sector: half of Europe’s top 10 dairy companies are co-operatives. Nestlé and Danone are privately owned, making FrieslandCampina the biggest dairy co-operative in the world.
Supply and demand Milk is a natural product. Put simply, you could say that a country’s supply and demand is determined by the volume of milk demanded by consumers and the amount supplied by cows. But the reality is much more complicated. Because milk and milk constituents form the basis of many of the dairy products that are traded in international markets, we really need to look at the global picture. Demand is influenced by various factors, such as the size of the global population and its purchasing power. Consumer preferences are also a key driver of demand. Supply is influenced by the feed given to the cow and by seasonal changes. Another factor is whether farmers decide to expand their herd when milk prices are good. And ultimately, the most important factor of all is that enough calves are bred into mature milking cows.
Milk consumption in non-western countries
In non-western countries, dairy consumption is over 60 kilos per person per year. More and more people are starting to use dairy products: dairy consumption in non-western countries is growing faster than it is in the west.
Milk consumption in western countries
In western countries, dairy has long been a staple part of the daily diet. In these countries people eat and drink the equivalent of 240 to 250 kilos of dairy produce per person per year, converted into milk equivalents.
Source: CMA, based on Heseker, B. and H.: Nährstoffe in Lebensmitteln. Umschau Verlag, Frankfurt 1999.
EU Cow Numbers
The number of dairy cows in the EU 27 in 2010 stood at 23.1 million, a fall of 2.4% from 2009.
Germany has the highest number of dairy cows in the EU, accounting for 18.1% of the total EU 27 dairy cow population in 2010.
Malta being the smallest milk producer held just 6,000 dairy cows in 2010.
The number of dairy cows in the EU 27 in 2010 stood at 23.1 million a fall of 2.4% (565,000) when compared to 2009. Germany held the most dairy cows out of all EU 27 countries in 2010, 4.2 million, an increase of 12,400 cows when compared to 2009 and now accounts for 18.1% of the total EU 27 dairy cow population. Malta being the smallest milk producer held just 6,000 dairy cows in 2010, 0.03% of the EU 27 dairy cow population.
Figures show that between 2009 and 2010 the country with the largest fall in dairy cows both in percentage and numerical terms was Romania, where numbers fell by 16.1% (229,000 dairy cows) to 1,191,000 dairy cows.
There were only two countries that saw cow numbers rise between 2009 and 2010, these were Germany and Spain. Spain saw the largest increase of 2.1% up by 17,000 dairy cows to 845,000 in 2010.
Dairy Cows (per thousand head)
Q: What is DHA?
A: DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is a polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acid that is important for brain and eye development during baby's early and later years of growth. It is the most abundant long chain omega-3 fatty acid in the brain and the retina of the eye.
Q: Why is DHA important?
A: DHA is an important fatty acid which helps support brain and eye development during baby's early and later years of growth. DHA serves as a major structural fat in the brain, the retina of the eye and is also a key component of the heart. DHA is important for mental and visual development in infants.
Q: Where are common sources of DHA?
A: DHA is an Omega-3 fatty acid found naturally in breastmilk and fish such as tuna and salmon.
Q: How specifically does DHA help support healthy brain and eye development?
A: DHA is a structural component of cell membranes in the retina and the brain and accumulates rapidly in these tissues during the rapid growth spurt in the last trimester of pregnancy. DHA continues to be important for brain and eye development after birth.